One of the most serious and complex types of catastrophic injuries are traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). Traumatic brain injuries can have a profound effect on the way a person thinks, feels, and interacts with other people. In severe cases, brain injuries can be permanent and require a lifetime of specialized care. Serious brain injuries that occur as a result of another person’s negligence may entitle the victim to financial damages.
Examining the Causes & Types of Brain Injuries
Traumatic brain injuries are often the result of a sudden and forceful trauma that causes damage to the brain. This is commonly the result of a motor vehicle accident, industrial or other workplace accident, slip, and fall accident, or violent assault.
There are five types of traumatic brain injuries, including:
- Concussion: Caused by a whiplash injury or a direct blow to the head
- Contusion: Bruised and bleeding tissue that usually requires surgical removal
- Coup-contrecoup: The force of an impact can cause injury to both sides of the brain
- Diffuse axonal: Usually caused by violent rotating or shaking of the head
- Penetration: Caused by foreign objects that penetrate through the skull
Depending on the severity of the injury, damage to the brain can severely interfere with a person’s ability to function, and could even leave the victim in a permanent vegetative state. If you or someone you love has suffered a brain injury, please get in touch with a Houston personal injury lawyer at Fibich, Leebron, Copeland & Briggs as soon as possible.
Our legal team has more than 100 years of combined experience.
How Does a TBI Occur?
There are various ways in which a traumatic brain injury can occur. When there is sudden impact to the head, the brain can make contact with the inside of the skull, causing bleeding, bruising, and tearing of tissue. Another possible way a traumatic brain injury can occur is due to asphyxiation, or loss of oxygen to the brain. Oxygen is essential in the brain functioning and when the supply is reduced or cut off completely, it can result in the brain becoming damaged. If oxygen is provided as soon as possible, the damage can be minimal.
How Is a TBI Diagnosed?
There are various tests and scans that are used in order to diagnose and assess the severity of TBI. The scans can show the physical damage done to the brain while other tests, such as the Glasgow Coma Scale, can be used to determine how the brain injury has affected the injured party’s abilities.
The Glasgow Coma Scale is based on a 15 point system and is determined by the patient’s ability to perform cognitive tasks, measuring their verbal response, visual response, and motor response. Any patient who scores a 13 and a 15 on the scale would generally be diagnosed with a mild TBI. If the patient scores between 9 and 12, the TBI would be considered moderate. Anything between 3 and 8 would be diagnosed a severe TBI, and scores lower than 3 would signify a vegetative state.
Symptoms of TBI
TBI symptoms vary depending on the severity of the damage to the brain:
- Mild TBI – When someone has a mild TBI, they may display symptoms that are similar to those of a concussion. The person can have headaches and dizziness, as well as fatigue and memory loss.
- Moderate TBI – A moderate TBI may present many of the same symptoms as a mild TBI, but the symptoms can be stronger and last longer. In addition, the victim may experience behavioral changes and nausea.
- Severe TBI – A more severe TBI can impact the individual’s cognitive abilities. Not only would they experience the symptoms of a mild or moderate TBI, but they may also have trouble speaking, eating, hearing, seeing, and more. They can also suffer seizures and long-term memory loss.
Contact Our Catastrophic Injury Lawyers in Houston, TX
Approximately 1.7 million people suffer a TBI in the U.S. every year according to the Center for Disease Control (CDC). For many people with severe injuries, extended hospice care may be required. Costs of long-term care can cause an enormous financial burden for family members already dealing with the emotional pain of watching their loved one suffer.
We understand how overwhelming times like these can be, so when it comes to the legal aspects of your case, leave the hard work to us. Our award-winning firm has helped countless injury victims obtain the financial resources they need for their care and comfort after a severe accident.
Are you ready to get started? Request your free consultation with a Houston personal injury attorney today! Call Fibich, Leebron, Copeland & Briggs at (713) 999-3681.